Agreement technologies aim at developing techniques that enable software components to reach agreements on the mutual performance of services, hence supporting the development of large-scale, open distributed systems. Hence, agreement technologies propose a new paradigm for next generation distributed systems. The new paradigm is structured around the concept of agreement between computational agents. These agreements must be consistent with the normative context where they are established and permit, once accepted, that agents call for mutual services and honour them. An entity, by the fact of being autonomous, may choose whether to fulfil an agreement or not, and it should fulfil them when there is an obligation to do so derived from the standing agreements. Autonomy, interaction, mobility and openness are the characteristics that the paradigm covers from a theoretical and practical perspective. We have identified negotiation, semantic alignment and trust as the key enabling agreement technologies.

  • Negotiation techniques allow agents to reach agreements on the terms of their interactions.
  • Semantic alignment techniques allow agents using different ontologies to understand one another.
  • Trust is the technology that complements traditional security mechanisms by relying on social mechanisms that interpret the behaviour of agents.

The research in the area of computational trust and reputation mechanisms for virtual societies is a recent discipline oriented to increase the reliability and performance of electronic communities by introducing in such communities these well known human social control mechanisms.

Computational trust and reputation systems have been recognized as key factors for successful electronic commerce adoption. These systems are used by intelligent software agents both as a mechanism of search for trustworthy exchange partners and as an incentive in decision-making about whether or not to honour contracts. Reputation is also used in electronic environments as a trust-enforcing, deterrent, and incentive mechanism to avoid cheaters and frauds. Another area of application in agent technology is teamwork and cooperation.

We have developed several state of the art models (ReGreT, Repage, Sierra-Debenham) and we are now working in different aspects of the use and application of trust and reputation mechanisms in virtual societies. Among other aspects we are studying:

  • Cognitive models of reputation and its full integration in cognitive agents.
  • Reputation as a social norm adoption mechanism for virtual societies.
  • Argumentation on trust and reputation.
  • Integration and use of trust and reputation mechanisms in e-institutions.

TÉCNICAS DE IA PARA AGENCIAS DE TURISMO ONLINE

Initial/final date: 
01 September 2017 to 31 December 2018
Main researcher: 
Project type: 
Otros
Funding Entity: 
IPLUSD INNOVA S.A.
Description: 

EL proyecto consiste en el desarrollo de herramientas inteligentes para las agencias de turismo online.

El objetivo es buscar herramientas basadas en IA para medir la calidad y la reputación social de los servicios que nos permita crear un sistema de acreditación de los proveedores de servicios, establecimientos y cumplimiento de garantías en el sector turístico.

Project Status: 
Ongoing
Funding Amount (€): 
86700.00
Research line: 
Agreement Technologies - Trust and Reputation
Acronym: 
AS4OTA
In collaboration with: 
IPLUSD INNOVA S.A.
Geographical scope: 
National
Grant type: 
Under Request
Transferència: 

Open Peer Review Module

Initial/final date: 
01 August 2015 to 31 January 2016
Project researchers: 
Main researcher: 
Project type: 
International
Funding Entity: 
European Commission H2020 - 643410
Description: 

This project will capitalise on the existing infrastructure offered by open access repositories by enabling their conversion into functional evaluation platforms by developing a prototype open peer review module (OPRM) for open access repositories. The OPRM will initially be developed as a DSpace plugin but designed to facilitate subsequent adaptation to other repository software suites like Invenio (which underpins Zenodo) and EPrints.

 

The OPRM will be open, with full text of reviews publicly available alongside the original research work, and transparent,with reviewers’ identitiesdisclosed to authors and the public. It will also include a reviewer reputation system based on the assessment of reviews themselves, both by the community of users and by other reviewers, in order to allow a sophisticated weighting of each review’s respective importance for the overall assessment of a research work. This qualitative and quantitative repository-based evaluation process, able to run in parallel to traditional journal peer review, will:

  • Enable the peer review of any research work deposited in a repository, including data, code and monographs.
  • Provide novel metrics for the quantitative assessment of research quality.
  • Create a sophisticated reputation system for reviewers.
  • Allow the weighting of reviews based on the quality of previous reviewer contributions.
  • Facilitate the selection of relevant content from digital repositories by distinguishing material that has been validated by reviewers using tags and advanced search filters.
  • Engage the research community in an open and transparent dialogue over the soundness and usefulness of research material.

     

Project Status: 
Closed
Funding Amount (€): 
25.00
Research line: 
Agreement Technologies - Trust and Reputation
Acronym: 
OPRM
In collaboration with: 
Open Scholar, DIGITAL.CSIC, e-IEO, SECABA, and ARVO
Transferència: 

Agreement Computing

Initial/final date: 
19 December 2015 to 31 January 2018
Project researchers: 
Main researcher: 
Project type: 
Plan Nacional
Funding Entity: 
MINECO
Description: 

Agreement Computing project will continue the development of the scientific and industrial network around the “Agreement Technologies”. Agreement technologies research line grown under the Spanish founded CONSOLIDER “Agreement Technologies” project which funded the development of more than 500 papers and 20 software components and applications and aroused the interest of more than 50 companies in the ICT sector that have actively participated in the project ‘industry days’ and joint research. Its objectives include disseminating the results of the CONSOLIDER project to researchers and practitioners that will consolidate the corpus of knowledge in the area of Agreement Computing. Also, promote new joint research initiatives between academic and industrial partners. We think this is a fundamental role that can increase the return on the investment made in the funding of the CONSOLIDER project. Continue working in the protection of Artificial Intelligent components and to support the contacts with industries to increase the number of results being exploited.

Referencia: 

TIN2015-68950-REDC

Project Status: 
Ongoing
Research line: 
Agreement Technologies - Trust and Reputation
Acronym: 
AC
External researchers: 
Sascha Ossowski
Vicente Botti
Geographical scope: 
National
Grant type: 
Competitive
Transferència: 

uHelp DINAMIZACION

Initial/final date: 
01 September 2015 to 31 August 2017
Main researcher: 
Project type: 
Plan Nacional
Funding Entity: 
MINECO
Description: 

Tecnologías inteligentes de la información para facilitar el desarrollo de comunidades de ayuda mutua.

 

En el campo de la sostenibilidad, se ha dado mucho más prioridad a la sostenibilidad económica y ambiental que a la sostenibilidad social. En el proyecto uHelp somos de la opinión de que la sostenibilidad social es tan importante como otras áreas de la sostenibilidad. "Crear nuevas comunidades que puedan florecer y ser socialmente éxitosas y sostenibles es tan importante como diseñar espacios que son física, económica y medioambientalmente sostenibles. La sostenibilidad social es un asunto de valor público al igual que el wellbeing, la calidad de vida y la satisfación de los futuros residentes"  - Design for Social Sustainability, Social Life, 2011. De la misma forma, uHelp tiene como objetivo dar respuesta al reto de la sostenibilidad social proporcionando a los miembros de diferentes comunidades una plataforma móvil que le ayude a encontrar de una manera inteligente y eficaz los servicios sociales necesarios y el apoyo que requieren en la sociedad competitiva y global. uHelp busca solucionar varios retos tales como la cohesion social, la integración y la calidad de vida y para ello la solución tecnológica unifica tecnologías móviles con tecnologías de Inteligencia Artificial para crear, mantener y evolucionar redes sociales que den respuestas a problemas de sostenibilidad social.

 

 

 

Project Status: 
Ongoing
Research line: 
Agreement Technologies - Trust and Reputation
Acronym: 
uHelp-D
Geographical scope: 
International
Grant type: 
Competitive
Transferència: 

Design of Artificial Intelligence methods for supporting change management in organizations

Initial/final date: 
20 November 2014 to 19 November 2017
Main researcher: 
Project type: 
CC.AA.
Funding Entity: 
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca
Description: 

A new generation of solutions for the change management in organizations must give support to organization strategic management by introducing automation to accelerate decision-making. The implementation of automatic mechanisms for the decision support requires the development of algorithms capable of dealing with a large amount of data in a smart way, and able to be easily integrated into business management systems.

The goal of this Ph.D. thesis is the design of methods and experiments that support the hypothesis that competitiveness improving depends on an intelligent and continuous change in the strategic plans of the organization. The work will investigate in Artificial Intelligence techniques to offer automatic mechanisms that demonstrate provide adequate support to the process of managing change in organizations. In particular, the work will investigate, apply and offer new results in the area of normative systems, trust and reputation models and optimization techniques.
 
The aim is that the computer-mediated resulting methods and systems will allow modelling of complex and distributed organizations, will permit to provide recommendations on the action plans that achieve strategic goals, and recommendations on the most suitable investment plans for a balanced growth. They will be able to relate the activity of the organization with the strengths and weaknesses of human resources for a sustainable productivity and will facilitate a more effective involvement of human resources in innovation processes.

 

COMPANY DESCRIPTION

 

CMT, designs, implements, supports and markets iKey Performance Mangement Tool.

Key Performance Management simplifies information management in businesses. The tool identifies the people and actions best suited to a large impact into the indicators. iKey is the ideal tool for the revitalization and optimization of commercial networks or departments of an organization working with targets, indicators and actions. This SaaS solution improves efficiency, getting more proactive and focused teams. The information is managed by a next-generation platform, accelerating the organizational change.

With iKey tool, CMT transforms information into knowledge to gain competitive advantages. It allows access, from any mobile device to intuitive and graphically compelling key contents. The iKey technology allows you to set the key business indicators, specify actions to perform, and define the organizational model. iKey records actions and related business indicators, and automatically monitors the performance of the activity of the organization. It also allows tracking the state of the indicators and generates alerts on actions and team behaviour. Identifies key points of improvement through intelligent analyses based on skill matching, trust and reputation and optimisation algorithms.

CMT's target market covers commercial sector companies and management companies. In the commercial sector the target is  large retail and distribution companies (banking, automotive, fashion, consumer, insurance). In the area of  ​​management, they are large corporations and change management consulting companies. The company also approaches large industrial corporations and SMEs looking for fostering innovation.

The company is an Enzyme Advising Group's carve out. It was born from the experience working with Nexe in change management project and a fruitful collaboration with the IIIA-CSIC. Enzyme Advising Group is a professional services firm with an international presence that provides consulting and technology advice. Also, Nexe has over 20 years experience in the development and implementation of consulting projects and developing business excellence Management of companies. Nexe uses iKey Performance Management Tool to carried out its projects.

Referencia: 

2014 DI 060

Project Status: 
Ongoing
Research line: 
Agreement Technologies - Trust and Reputation
Acronym: 
DI-2014
Geographical scope: 
National
Grant type: 
Competitive
Transferència: 

Liquid Publications: Scientific Publications meet the Web

Initial/final date: 
01 April 2008 to 31 March 2011
Project researchers: 
Main researcher: 
Project type: 
International
Funding Entity: 
European Union (FP7-213360)
Description: 
The Liquid Publications Project is a Framework Program 7 (FP7) funded research project in the Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) – OPEN series. This introduction to the project is intended to describe what we’re trying to accomplish in a more publicly accessible form. In the following sections we’ll cover the Liquid Publications Project’s motivation, objectives, potential benefits, challenges, and research plans. Motivation The production of scientific knowledge in the form of conference papers, journal articles, and textbooks has failed to keep pace with advances in Information and Communications Technology (ICT). The World-Wide Web and other advances in computer technologies have had noticeable effect on the ways scientific activity is conducted, but little effect on the ways scientific knowledge is produced, disseminated, evaluated, and consumed. The Liquid Publications Project is based on the primary intuition that the evolution and use of scientific knowledge objects is similar to the evolution and use of open-source software. Both scientific knowledge and open-source software are complex, malleable, artistic creations of the human mind that evolve in multiple directions through collaboration. Further, just as computer software has become de-coupled from specific computer hardware, scientific knowledge has become de-coupled from the specific physical aspects of a scientific field through storage, manipulation, simulation, and recombination in electronic form. While scientific collaborations and collaboration technologies have advanced, the collaborative evaluation of scientific knowledge has not. Scientific communities continue to evaluate scientific knowledge using essentially the same peer-review techniques used 100 years ago. Project Objectives and Benefits This project will explore how ICT and lessons from the software engineering and social web communities can be applied to provoke a radical paradigm shift shift in the way scientific knowledge is created, disseminated, evaluated, and maintained. This new paradigm will transform a scientific publication from a static artifact to a Liquid Publication that can take multiple forms, that evolves continuously, and is enriched by multiple sources. The expected benefits of this transformation are: Earlier and greater circulation of innovative ideas, hence, more effective dissemination. Collaborative research efforts built on previous knowledge. Optimization of the time researchers spend creating, assessing and disseminating knowledge while improving the quality of the paper selection processes for conferences and journals. Rationalization of credit attribution processes based on social networks, team and community work, collaborative problem solving, social reputation, and distribution of knowledge. Delivery of innovative products and services for publishers that add value to their traditional businesses. Research Challenges Achieving program objectives and realizing the benefits presents both technical and social research challenges. Technical challenges include how to identify a model for scientific knowledge creation and dissemination that encourages early release of results, facilitates collaboration, assigns credit fairly, and simplifies dissemination; how to model and structure digital objects that embody a variety of evolutionary and collaborative knowledge creation processes; and how to identify social, low-effort, and continuous quality assessment methods. The primary social challenge is to gain support from the scientific community who will have to depart from the current publication selection models and embrace a radical change in the way scientific contributions are created, managed, and evaluated. Research Plan We aim to overcome the research challenges and achieve the project objectives by modeling the three main interacting components: Scientific Knowledge Objects, People, and Processes. Scientific Knowledge Objects (SKO for short) embody the digital aspects of a traditional scientific paper, plus the evolutionary, social, collaborative, composable, and evolving nature of scientific knowledge creation processes. Defining, implementing, and testing SKOs will form the basis of the research. People are the agents involved in the scientific knowledge processes, playing various cooperating and competing roles. Investigating roles and role interations will be a primary research activity of the project. Processes govern the creation, evaluation, and evolution of SKOs and, hence, manage their lifecycle. These processes include modification, evolution, management (for example: access, intellectual property concerns, or legal aspects), and assessment. In summary, this project will examine the complex web of interactions between SKOs, people, roles, and processes.
Research line: 
Agreement Technologies - Trust and Reputation
Acronym: 
LiquidPub

Social Knowledge for e-Governance

Initial/final date: 
01 April 2006 to 31 March 2009
Main researcher: 
Project type: 
-
Funding Entity: 
EC-FP6-CIT5-28575
Description: 
Reputation is a social knowledge on which a number of social decisions are accomplished. Regulating society from the morning of mankind (Dunbar, 1998), it becomes more crucial with the pace of development of ICT technologies, dramatically enlarging the range of interaction and generating new types of aggregation. Despite its critical role, reputation generation, transmission and use are unclear.The project aims to an interdisciplinary theory of reputation and to modelling the interplay between direct evaluations and meta-evaluations in three types of decisions, epistemic (whether to form a given evaluation), strategic (whether and how interact with target), and memetic (whether and which evaluation to transmit). Finally, current technological developments of reputation are dusting off traditional remedies like word of mouth and chatty talk. The theory in question will be shown to help design reputation technology. The proposed project will benefit from a synergy between experts in an innovative methodology, i.e. agent-based social simulation, and in computational modelling and software development, all good representatives of the European community in these fields of science.
Funding Amount (€): 
0.00
Research line: 
Agreement Technologies - Trust and Reputation
Acronym: 
eRep